In order to meet the challenge of Universalisation of Secondary Education
(USE), there is a need for a paradigm shift in the conceptual design of secondary
education. The guiding principles in this regard are; Universal Access, Equality and
Social Justice, Relevance and Development and Curricular and Structural Aspects.
Universalisation of Secondary Education gives opportunity, to move towards equity.
The concept of ‘common school’ will be encouraged. If these values are to be
established in the system, all types of schools, including unaided private schools
will also contribute towards Universalisation of Secondary Education (USE) by
ensuring adequate enrolments for the children from under privileged society and the
children Below Poverty Line (BPL) families.
The above goal translates into the following main objectives;
i) To ensure that all secondary schools have physical facilities, staffs and
supplies at least according to the prescribed standards through financial
support in case of Government/ Local Body and Government aided
schools, and appropriate regulatory mechanism in the case of other
ii) To improve access to secondary schooling to all young persons
according to norms – through proximate location (say, Secondary
Schools within 5 kms, and Higher Secondary Schools within 7-10 kms) /
efficient and safe transport arrangements/residential facilities, depending
on local circumstances including open schooling. However in hilly and
difficult areas, these norms can be relaxed. Preferably residential schools
may be set up in such areas.
iii) To ensure that no child is deprived of secondary education of satisfactory
quality due to gender, socio-economic, disability and other barriers.
iv) To improve quality of secondary education resulting in enhanced
intellectual, social and cultural learning.
v) To ensure that all students pursuing secondary education receive
education of good quality
vi) Achievement of the above objectives would also, inter-alia, signify
substantial progress in the direction of the Common School System.